Computer does not start: M-2 SATA / NVME readout via USB

Windows no longer boots, read data with M.2 SATA USB adapter.

I have received a laptop for repair which no longer boots. Windows does not start, only a cursor flashes. Nothing else. My first measure in such a case is to back up the data, unless the hard drive or SSD is already completely corrupted. Fortunately, this is usually not the case.

So I unscrewed the computer to remove the SSD and back it up. Unfortunately, the computer now had an M.2 SATA SSD, or NVME. I didn’t previously have an adapter for this.

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The right M.2 SATA NVME adapter

No problem, a suitable M.2 SATA to USB adapter doesn’t cost much. I simply took the “first best” with reasonably good ratings. In my case, the “idSONIX” adapter. This is not just an adapter, but basically an enclosure and can therefore also be used as a mobile SSD.

iDsonix M.2 [NVMe & SATA] SSD Gehäuse Adapter...
  • 【Unterstützt NVMe PCIe & AHCI SATA/NGFF】 Dieses M.2 NVMe SATA SSD-Gehäuse ist kompatibel mit...
  • 【USB 3.2 Gen2 10Gbps Speed】 Dieses M.2-Gehäuse unterstützt 10Gbps von NVMe und 6Gbps von AHCI...
  • 【Erweiterter Master-Chip】 Dieses externe NVMe-Gehäuse verfügt über einen fortschrittlichen...

In short, the adapter works without any problems.

Removing the SSD

Fortunately, the SSD was easy to remove. The computer in question is a Thinkpad 13. A few screws need to be loosened on the underside, then you can already see the SSD. Loosen another screw and the SSD can be removed.

SSD in the adapter

Now insert the SSD into the adapter. It’s a little fiddly, but the blue LED lights up after connection. The adapter naturally supports USB 3.0, which enables fast data transfer.

Connecting to the computer

Now comes the exciting moment: we connect the adapter to the computer. In my case, the good news is that the SSD is recognised and displayed in the disk management.

Drive letters are also assigned and we can access them via the Explorer. We can now use this to read the data and copy it from the hard drive.

Create disc image with disk2vhd

In addition to selectively copying files, we can also create a complete image. This allows us to back up virtually the entire hard drive and we can mount the image at a later date and copy data at any time.

To do this, we use the Microsoft tool “disk2vhd“. We download the tool, wrap it and start the respective .exe file. Either 32-bit or 64-bit.

After starting, we select the partitions of the SSD and specify a target path for the virtual hard drive.

Click on “Create” to start the software.

Integrate virtual hard drive

Once the image has been created, we can mount the file at any time via the action menu of the disk management.

This then also appears in the data carrier management. We can now also access the data here and back it up or copy it accordingly.

Conclusion

The most difficult part is unscrewing the computer, depending on the computer, the corresponding screws have to be loosened to get to the components. The rest is easy, insert the SSD into the adapter and connect.

Ideally, the data can be read out, then we can take further measures and try to repair the bootloader, reinstall Windows or install a new SSD.

It doesn’t hurt to take the opportunity to check the SMART values of the SSD.

Bestseller No. 1
iDsonix M.2 [NVMe & SATA] SSD Gehäuse Adapter [Werkzeugfrei][Aluminium],...
  • 【Unterstützt NVMe PCIe & AHCI SATA/NGFF】 Dieses M.2 NVMe SATA SSD-Gehäuse ist kompatibel mit...
  • 【USB 3.2 Gen2 10Gbps Speed】 Dieses M.2-Gehäuse unterstützt 10Gbps von NVMe und 6Gbps von AHCI...
  • 【Erweiterter Master-Chip】 Dieses externe NVMe-Gehäuse verfügt über einen fortschrittlichen...
Bestseller No. 2
Beikell M.2 NVME Gehäuse, Werkzeuglos 10Gbps M.2 SSD Gehäuse USB 3.2 Gen...
  • 👍【Bis zu 10 Gbps Übertragungsgeschwindigkeit】Das Beikell M.2-Festplattengehäuse verwendet...
  • 👍【Breite Kompatibilität】Dieses SSD-Gehäuse unterstützt 4 Größen von M.2 NVME- und...
  • 👍【Gute Wärmeableitung】Dank der hochwertigen Aluminiumlegierung und des Rillendesigns ist...
Bestseller No. 3
NVMe Gehäuse [Werkzeuglos], SETMSPACE M2 SSD Gehäuse [NVMe & SATA], M.2...
  • [Wesentliche Datensicherung] ①Physikalische Schnittstelle unterstützt M-Key und B&M-Key....
  • [Werkzeugfreies M2 SSD Gehäuse] Mit einem Fingerdruck können Sie das Gehäuse öffnen. Ein...
  • [Niemals aufgrund von Hitze aufhören] Das Gehäuse hält die Arbeitstemperatur unter einer sicheren...
Bestseller No. 4
ELUTENG M.2 NVME NGFF SSD zu USB 3.1 Gen2 Adapter Karte 10Gbps, USB zu PCIE...
  • 【Kompatibel mit M.2 NVME und NGFF (SATA)】Eluteng NGFF/NVME kompatibles Festplattengehäuse, M.2...
  • 【Hohe Geschwindigkeit & Stabilität】Der externe Ausgangsanschluss ist USB3.1 GEN2 USB Typ-A. Die...
  • 【4TB große Kapazität】Bis zu 4TB SSD kann installiert werden. Abwärtskompatibel mit...

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